Operation concept of electric fencing
There are 3 factors very important for a proper function of your electric fence system.
1. The conducting capacity of your fence wires.
The conducting capacity of your fence wires is of a great importance to have the complete power of your device at your disposal also at a long distance. The lower the resistance (Ω=Ohm) isof your conducturs (fence wires) the more they will conduct the current and you will be able to supply a longer fence with your device. In case of slight tension loss by growths of weeds or a bad insulator the tension on your fence will remain better on the required level. If you connect the fence wires with each other every 200 meter the fence will function even better in total.
picture: difference between conducting capacity
2. Sufficient earthing.
Wenn the tension is led sufficiently to the earth pole at your device the circuit will be closed and the fence will function properly. The animal shall feel the maximum shock of the device. Only if your earthing capacity is sufficient you will have the full power of the device at your disposal. Click on the link below for a controll test if your earthin capacity is sufficient.
Test earthing capacity
3. The proper device.
The device takes care of that the consumed energy out of the 9, 12 or 230 Volt energy source is transferred to current pulses presented in Joule (impulse energy) and
the unloaded peak tension and loaded tension at 500 Ohm in Volt. The 500 Ohm resistance is the average resistance of an animal that contacts the fence.
The time between every pulse is minimal 1,2 seconds. This is enough reaction time to break the contact with the fence before the next pulse is given and that is why an electric fence is harmless for man and animal.